Sunday, July 02, 2006

Causes Of Infertility - By: Michele Oberton

Defined as the inability to naturally conceive a child or carry a full-term pregnancy, infertility is a condition that requires medical intervention. By medical standards, a couple is determined to be suffering from infertility if they have not conceived a child following 12 months of trying to get pregnant or six months if the woman is over the age of 35.

According to research, 6.1 million individuals in the United States are affected by infertility. Of all accounts, female infertility accounts for one third of all cases, mail infertility for another third, combined mail and female infertility for an additional 15% with the remaining cases being labeled as unexplained.

The main causes of female infertility are believed to be diabetes, disorders of the thyroid, adrenal disease, liver and/or kidney disease, psychological reasons, etc. In addition, ovarian, pelvic, uterine, cervical and vaginal factors are among the remaining causes of female infertility, along with genetics.

Male infertility, on the other hand, is most commonly linked to the use of drugs and/or alcohol, psychological disorders, diabetes, thyroid and other illnesses. In addition, certain testicular factors and genetics are also believed to play a role in male infertility.

Combined infertility occurs when both the male and female are infertile, either completely or partially, and the couple’s problem arises from a combination of conditions that lead to infertility. When genetics are involved, both the male and female may be independently fertile but may have difficulty conceiving together without medical intervention.

For the remaining cases, which are labeled as unexplained, the infertility tests will show no abnormalities. It is widely believed that, in the case of an unexplained infertility case, that there are disorders that have gone undetected due to the fact that they fail to show up on current tests.

Infertility treatments, themselves, are very expensive and are often out of the realm of options for many couples. This is especially true if medical insurance will not cover the costs associated with infertility tests and/or treatment. In order to learn more about their insurance coverage, individuals are urged to consult their agent or refer to the paperwork detailing their coverage. If infertility tests and/or treatment is not covered, the financial responsibility will rest solely on the shoulders of the couple.

The information in this article is to be used for informational purposes only. It should not be used in place of, or in conjunction with, professional medical advice. Anyone with questions regarding infertility must consult their physician for further information.

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